How to plant kangkong

Water spinach or kangkong is a fast-growing crop that’s ample with nutritional vitamins and minerals. This will develop effectively in soil with pH values from 5.3 to 8.5. This veggie has two varieties: the upland (Ipomoea reptans) and aquatic (Ipomoea aquatica) varieties. The previous is adaptable to any rising situation whereas the latter is generally cultivated in moist soil.

Kangkong may be grown in two methods: cuttings and seeds. Both approach, the well being of the rising media will decide the success of the plant’s development. Right here´s what to do to plant them:

Sow 4 kangkong seeds in a polybag containing free soil that’s wealthy in natural materials. If propagating the plant from cuttings, dig holes within the soil and plant 4 cuttings in each container. Moisten the soil after sowing, then set them in a cool, darkish place.

Proceed watering day-after-day or when wanted, which varies relying on the local weather and selection. After 10 to 15 days from planting, add a tablespoon of vermicompost to the soil. Feed the vegetation by spraying fermented plant juice (FPJ) twice every week to increase their resistance to pests and illnesses.

Worms and mealybugs are some pests that generally assault kangkong vegetation. Add 100g of crushed chili in 16-liter water and use this pure insecticide to management the pests.

Kangkong may be harvested in simply 20 to 40 days after planting. Gather its leaves early within the morning or afternoon to forestall them from wilting.

Many growers would agree that this can be a beginner-friendly crop that even metropolis dwellers can develop. Other than it being straightforward and quick to propagate, one also can profit from its vitamins.

Watch AgriTalk: 2 Straightforward studying video sequence episodes 48 and 49.

For extra info, get in contact with the farmers’ contact middle at 09209462474. This can be a information from AgriTalk’s 2 Straightforward Studying Video Sequence introduced by the Agricultural Coaching Institute (ATI) and Manila Bulletin’s Agriculture On-line.

This text was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Lauren has labored for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Sensible Backyard at Aurora Municipal Heart for the Water Conservation Division. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Research from Western Michigan College in 2014.

There are 14 references cited on this article, which may be discovered on the backside of the web page.

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Kangkong, or water spinach, is an edible plant that’s principally utilized in Southeast Asian cooking. It has a nutty taste comparable to spinach. If you would like to develop it, you are in luck as a result of it’s a comparatively low-maintenance plant. It simply requires plenty of water and an honest quantity of fertilizer. You possibly can develop this plant from seeds or cuttings, after which place the vegetation in both soil or a pot stuffed with water. Earlier than you plant it, nevertheless, examine the legal guidelines in your space, because it’s thought-about a weed in some tropical climates and planting it could be forbidden.

  • Yow will discover kangkong seeds on-line or at some gardening shops. You may want at the least 10 seeds to get a small crop of water spinach.
  • Crops grown from seeds might not do in addition to vegetation taken from cuttings. In addition they take longer to get established. [2] X Analysis supply
  • The tray ought to be at the least 2 to Three inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) deep so the plant can begin creating roots.
  • They need to have Four well-established leaves earlier than you progress them.
  • In a few days, they need to begin rising roots. Wait till day 9 or so earlier than you strive to plant them. They need to have a well-established root system by then. [7] X Analysis supply
  • Positively wait till a number of weeks after the final frost earlier than taking these vegetation outdoors.
  • Do not plant your kangkong till the nighttime temperature stays effectively above 50 °F (10 °C).
  • Don’t put vegetation nearer than about 6 inches (15 cm) aside.
  • It’s best to irrigate this crop each 1-2 days.
  • Wait till the daytime temperature is persistently over 75 °F (24 °C).
  • You may additionally need to give you the chance to examine your vegetation for illnesses, so make sure that the pot is sufficiently small for that objective.
  • Yow will discover metal mesh on-line or at dwelling enchancment shops. You may want sufficient to stretch throughout your pot, so measure forward of time.
  • In case your mesh is ok sufficient, you possibly can truly germinate the seeds on prime of the mesh. Nevertheless, if it is not very superb, you will want to use cuttings.
  • The opposite selection, Ching Quat, will also be grown in water, however it may be planted in a backyard, as effectively.
  • Your roots ought to have about 9 days of development on them.
  • Be sure the leaves are above the floor.
  • In the event you’re not utilizing liquid fertilizer, combine the fertilizer with slightly water earlier than pouring it into the container.

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About This Article

Kangkong, or water spinach, is an edible plant that requires little upkeep to develop. In the event you’re beginning your kangkong from seeds, soak them in water for 1 day, then plant them in starter trays stuffed with potting combine. Place 1 or 2 seeds per gap and canopy them with one other skinny layer of potting combine. As soon as they attain 5 inches tall, transplant them within the floor. Alternatively, begin your kangkong from cuttings and plant them instantly within the floor. Whichever methodology you employ, wait till a number of weeks after the final frost when it’ll be heat sufficient to plant them. Plant your seedlings at the least 6 inches aside within the soil. Water them generously each 1 or 2 days, since kangkong thrive in moist situations. For extra ideas from our Gardening co-author, together with how to plant your kangkong in water, learn on!

There’s not a lot in rising water spinach! Study How To Develop Kangkong and revel in this leafy vegetable from the household of morning glories.

Water spinach is grown particularly within the Southeast Asian area as a vegetable. It’s a semi-aquatic plant, a creeper that grows in or close to the water on moist soils. Maintain studying this text to be taught How To Develop Kangkong.

USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 – 11, *can develop in decrease zones as annual

Problem: Straightforward

Different Names: Ipomoea aquatica, Kangkung, river spinach, water morning glory, water convolvulus, Chinese language spinach, Chinese language Watercress,Chinese language convolvulus, swamp cabbage, phak bung, ong choy, kongxincai, rau muống, kangkong, trokuon, kalmi saag, kalmi shak, Thooti Koora, kangkung, hayoyo

Rising Behavior

Water spinach has gentle inexperienced ovate leaves, its stems are hole, to allow them to float on the water. Each leaves and stems are edible and can be utilized as the way in which you employ spinach. Below tropical situations, water spinach may be harvested all year long, because the leaves develop once more after harvesting. In cooler climates, it’s grown as annual, principally in vast containers.

How to Develop Kangkong


Kangkong or water spinach may be propagated both by seeds or by cuttings. Sow the seeds in recent potting soil (sow about 0.5 centimeters deep). Be sure that you retain the seeds persistently moist.

Additionally, do not forget that temperature ought to stay round 68 F (20 C). Germination happens inside a few weeks. To hurry up the germination you possibly can soak the seeds in a single day in water. Rising kangkong from cuttings is the best methodology to propagate it. Simply lower a number of 30-40 cm lengthy cuttings from younger development and plant 15 cm deep in potting combine.


In subtropical and tropical local weather you possibly can develop kangkong anytime however in cooler climates plant it between late spring to early summer season. Select a website with full solar and well-drained soil. Both develop it within the pot (which is best as kangkong grows aggressively) or on the bottom. You too can plant it close to the sting of a pond or different water our bodies.

Necessities for Rising Water Spinach

Rising water spinach or kangkong wants evenly moist, moist, and nutrient-rich soil of pH stage round 6 – 7.

Kangkong grows in a heat and humid subtropical and tropical local weather, so it’s important to present it full solar. Nevertheless, it additionally grows in partial shade.


Additionally referred to as as Chinese language watercress or water morning glory, you possibly can simply perceive from its identify that it grows in swampy areas, it wants persistently muddy soil. Deep and common watering is vital to hold the soil almost moist.

Kangkong Care


If rising on the bottom you don’t want to fertilize it usually however in containers fertilize it with excessive in nitrogen liquid fertilizer each different week.

Pests and Ailments

Its major pests and illnesses are stem rot, black rot, leaf beetle, aphids, and wire worm.


A primary harvest date of nutritious water spinach is normally 4 to 6 weeks after planting – relying extra on the temperature and rising situations. Reduce only some leaves or complete plant with leaves and stems leaving solely Three inches of development, the plant will regrow once more.

Its stems and leaves are eatable. In the event you’re rising kangkong on the bottom, watch out it’s an invasive plant and grows aggressively. Harvest it earlier than flowering, in order that it could’t type seeds.

Advantages of Water Spinach

Identical to each inexperienced vegetable, Water spinach is a nutrient powerhouse. It’s wealthy in water, nutritional vitamins, and different important vitamins. Listed here are the advantages of consuming water spinach.

Kangkong is the one vegetable that I actually loved consuming ever since I used to be a baby. This leafy vegetable has turn out to be a mainstay in my weekly grocery record. The plant grows anyplace, particularly in swampy areas, which makes me usually surprise the place they get these kangkong leaves that I purchase within the grocery. Subsequently I made a decision to develop my very own kangkong so I needn’t fear about how these leaves are being sourced.

Kangkong can be recognized by different names, resembling water spinach, swamp cabbage or Chinese language watercress. It is vitally frequent in Southeast Asian delicacies, as a result of kangkong thrives effectively within the sizzling and humid tropical climates.

To Propagate Kangkong

Propagate kangkong simply from seeds or via stem cuttings. Sow the seeds in a seed tray or instantly right into a medium sized container pot. Be sure to enable a minimal of 3- inches of distance in between the seeds. They germinate fairly simply in a matter of days. In a number of extra days, switch the seedlings to a sunny spot outdoors.

Kangkong will also be propagated from cuttings. Select a wholesome bundle of kangkong leaves once you purchase on the market. Use the leaves for cooking however go away the highest 6-inch portion, up to the 4th leaf node. Soak the decrease finish of the cuttings in water for every week, and alter the water each couple of days. Transplant the cuttings to the bottom or a container stuffed with wealthy loamy soil, as quickly because the roots seem.

Utilizing a Container to Develop Kangkong

When planting in a container, use a wealthy loamy soil combined with compost. Select a container with at the least 12 inches in depth and diameter. The plant can develop effectively in partial or full solar, however at the least Four hours of daylight is right for it to develop extra leaves. Maintain the soil moist by common watering. Water deeply to make sure the deepest roots are reached. Each day watering is required in the course of the sizzling and dry summer season months.

Harvesting the leaves

With sufficient daylight, the leaves may be harvested in as early as 60 days from sowing. To reap, lower the highest leaves leaving up to 2 leaf nodes from the roots. New stems will develop from these leaf nodes in only a few days. In about 2-Three weeks, the brand new stems will likely be prepared for one more spherical harvest.

When grown in containers, the soil vitamins get depleted simply. Fertilize with compost or natural fertilizers each Three months to guarantee a steady wholesome development of latest stems and leaves. This additionally provides the vegetation stronger resistance to frequent illnesses and pests.

Pest Management

Kangkong is inclined to frequent pests, just like the stink bugs, locusts and and spider mites. To deal with this, spray an natural pest answer at the least as soon as a month. Be sure to spray the answer earlier than daybreak or after nightfall, so as not to scorch the leaves from the solar publicity.

How to develop kangkong: some of the versatile greens from Southeast Asia (often known as water spinach). Kangkong has a gentle taste and is utilized in soups, stir-fry, salads, or facet dishes. Nevertheless you select to use it, its scrumptious style makes it price cultivating. On this article we’ll educate you all about how to develop kangkong plus its wonderful well being advantages.

Kangkong is a really versatile (not to point out nutritious) vegetable that’s nice in lots of dishes. Nevertheless, it’s not at all times straightforward to discover on the grocery retailer. You might strive your luck discovering it at native Asian grocery shops when it’s in season. Relatively than scouring native markets seeking this veggie, why not strive cultivating it your self?

On this article we’ll educate you all about how to develop kangkong. We’ll begin by discussing the place kangkong grows finest, then define some ideas for cultivating your individual crop of scrumptious greens. There are numerous methods to develop kangkong: from seed in containers, from cuttings, and even in water.

Rising your individual meals doesn’t have to be tough or costly. With slightly little bit of know-how you too may get pleasure from recent homegrown greens like kangkong!

As soon as you understand how to develop it, it’ll proceed to present recent greens all year long.

What’s Kangkong?

Kangkong is a semi-aquatic, or aquatic tropical perennial plant cultivated as a vegetable for its tender shoots. It’s native to Southeast Asia and is a member of the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) household. Kangkong has creeping vines which keep shut to water.

There are two major forms of kangkong: the kangkong that’s grown in water (Ipomoea aquatica) and people which might be planted on land (Ipomoea reptans).

Kangkong goes by many names together with water spinach, Chinese language spinach, swamp cabbage, aquatic candy potato, swamp morning glory, and river spinach. It has a gentle taste with a touch of bitterness frequent to many leafy greens.

Kangkong has inexperienced, heart-shaped leaves and grows on lengthy, hole stalks that may attain 7–10 ft (2–Three meters) in size.

Not surprisingly, kangkong is standard in southeast Asian delicacies. Kangkong is a nutritious leafy inexperienced vegetable that tastes scrumptious stir-fried with garlic and sesame oil. It additionally makes a fantastic addition to soups and salads.

Do you know that kangkong has been eaten for 1000’s of years? There are references to I. aquatica courting again to China’s Chin Dynasty interval.

The place does kangkong develop?

As Kangkong is often known as water spinach it’s no shock that it grows finest in moist environments.

It may be present in marshes, ponds and alongside the sides of lakes. It’s hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11.

Whereas kangkong is native to Southeast Asia, it’s cultivated or grows wild in lots of locations together with Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. It’s additionally grown within the U.S. in a number of states together with California, Hawaii, and Florida.

The place can you purchase kangkong?

When you might discover kangkong within the produce aisle of some Asian grocery shops, you may need a more durable time discovering kangkong or water spinach seeds.

It is because water spinach is assessed as a noxious, invasive weed in the US. This implies you can’t transfer this plant between states with out an USDA-issued noxious weed allow.

This plant grows so effectively that it’s tough to comprise. It has taken over some recent waterways in some states.

Nevertheless, the state of Massachusetts is allowed to legally develop kangkong because it doesn’t pose a risk to their colder local weather (this plant can’t tolerate frost).

In accordance to World Crops, there’s just one enterprise that’s licensed to promote kangkong seeds. It’s positioned in Hawaii:

Fukuda Seed Retailer, Inc.
1287 Kalani St.
Honolulu HI 96817
Cellphone: 808-841-6719
Fax: 808 842-0295

In Canada, kangkong is not unlawful (the widely chilly local weather isn’t hospitable to kangkong!). Yow will discover seeds obtainable on Amazon and different specialty seed shops.

Diet information and well being advantages of kangkong

Kangkong is a tasty, nutritious and versatile vegetable. It’s often known as water spinach or swamp cabbage. Kangkong is low in energy however excessive in iron, protein and fiber—it’s a leafy inexperienced price including to your eating regimen. Round 40 p.c of the caloric breakdown of kangkong is comprised of protein. It’s additionally a wealthy supply of nutritional vitamins A and C.

  • Energy: 11
  • Protein: 1.5 grams
  • Carbs: 1.Eight grams
  • Fiber: 1.2 grams
  • Vitamin C: 34% of the Each day Worth
  • Vitamin A: 20% of the DV
  • Magnesium: 9% of the DV
  • Folate: 8% of the DV
  • Iron: 5% of the DV
  • Potassium: 4% of the DV
  • Manganese: 4% of the DV
  • Calcium: 3% of the DV
  • Phosphorus: 2% of the DV

As you possibly can see, only one cup of uncooked kangkong incorporates 34 p.c of your day by day consumption of vitamin C. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a crucial a part of many bodily capabilities together with therapeutic wounds, regulating the immune system, and sustaining wholesome bones and enamel.

Full of vitamin A, kangkong which retains your pores and skin wholesome, protects your physique from sickness, and offers your imaginative and prescient with a lift in low gentle situations.

For a leafy vegetable, kangkong additionally incorporates a truthful quantity of iron and protein.

Kangkong has some medicinal purposes. This versatile veggie is wealthy in magnesium. Magnesium is a nutrient that helps to regulate blood sugar and blood stress, and maintains wholesome muscle and nerve operate. This makes kangkong a wonderful selection for individuals with diabetes.

Kangkong additionally has some highly effective advantages on your liver. It protects your liver from toxins together with arsenic, cadmium, carbon tetrachloride, and lead whereas serving to to handle diabetes.

How do I develop kangkong?

There are a number of methods you possibly can develop kangkong: from seed in containers, from cuttings, and in water.

Rising kangkong is pretty straightforward—give it loads of daylight and water. The roots want soil to develop, nevertheless as soon as the plant is established, kangkong’s hole stems unfold simply throughout our bodies of water.

In the event you stay in a heat local weather (USDA zones 10 and 11), you possibly can develop kangkong as a perennial and revel in year-round greens—leaves regrow after harvesting.

Those who stay in cooler climates can develop this edible plant as an annual. In the event you don’t need your complete yard coated in water spinach, hold it from spreading by planting in a container.

Rising necessities for kangkong

Soil: Kangkong does effectively in well-draining potting soil that’s wealthy in natural matter. When you have your individual yard compost, combine a few of that goodness into the soil! Crops that develop in barren soils create weaker vegetation with skinny stems and bitter-tasting leaves. The best soil pH is 6–7.